The Human Rights Council
Subtheme 1: Combating female circumcision
Subtheme 2: The question of how to protect human rights of asylum seekers
The Human Rights Council is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights. This council was created by the United Nations General Assembly in 2006. After establishment, the council served to assess the human rights situations in all United Nations Member states and served to provide expertise and advice on thematic human rights issues. When human rights are violated the Human Rights Council can and will intervene. During this Minerva International Model United Nations conference the Human Rights Council will discuss how human rights can be protected when they are violated or when they are at risk of violation.
The council will first debate on how female circumcision can be combated. The World Health Organisation assures that the procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. Female circumcision can cause severe bleeding, later cysts, infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths. Therefore, performing female circumcision is a violation of the human rights of girls and women that are forced to undergo such a procedure.
Secondly, the council will focus on the question of how the United Nations can protect the human rights of asylum seekers. The world is witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. At the end of 2018 nearly 30 million refugees had been forced to leave their homes and were in need of asylum. The main question that arises is how United Nations Member states should defend the human rights of the asylum seekers when they seek refuge in these Member states.